Korean Medicine Focusing on the basic nature of the human body that causes diseases
The most significant characteristic of Korean Medicine is that it focuses more on the basic nature of the human body that causes diseases rather than the disease itself. It particularly focuses on the specific pathophysiology of each individual, which also became the background of Lee Je-Ma creating the Sasang Constitutional Medicine at the end of eighteenth century. Sasang Constitutional Medicine classifies humans into four categories and deals with the corresponding pathophysiology of disease as well as its treatment. It is still one of the major pillars of Korean Medicine today.
DonguiBogam Anthology of Korean Medicine and World Cultural Heritage
The Joseon Dyansty was newly established on the Korean Peninsula in 1392, and the government strategically fostered an advanced healthcare system which became the basis for the national medicine of the new dynasty. In 1477, it published the Classified Collection of Medical Formulas (Euibang Yoochui), the greatest surviving database of East Asian medical information, and published the Treasured Mirror of Eastern Medicine (Dongui Bogam) in 1613, contributing to the medical development of surrounding countries including China and Japan.
As a result of such contribution, Dongui Bogam was listed as a UNESCO Memory of the World in 2009.
Korean Medicine is mainly composed of pharmaceutical treatments based on the medical theory of the Three Treasures (Jing-Qi-Shen) and acupuncture based on Meridian Theory. Practitioners have also developed various natural treatment techniques such as meditation and qigong, massage, and bone setting. The long development of natural treatment techniques has also affected the food and life culture, evolving to meet both nutritional and health needs using medicinal foods. In fact, one of the important principles of Korean Medicine is to find a healthy lifestyle, and this paradigm has led to a centralized culture on efficient use of life energy, thereby contributing to the realization of the value of medicine in food, daily activities, and culture.
Korean Medicine, a branch of East Asian medicine, originates from the Korean Peninsula and Liadong China, suggesting that it has been passed down and developed in the two areas that were previously inhabited by the Korean people of today.